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What are the Uses of Sulfamethoxazole Tablets?

Posted by [email protected] on April 18, 2019 at 7:55 AM Comments comments (0)


Sulfamethoxazole Tablet is a drug belongs to category of Sulfonamide antibiotics. This drug is indicated for the treatment of various types of infections such as infections of urinary tract, infections of bronchi etc caused by bacteria. Sulfamethoxazole is not indicated for the treatment of infections caused due to viruses.


Mechanism of action of Sulfamethoxazole

Sulfamethoxazole acts by inhibiting the enzymatic action in bacterial cell. As a result the growth of bacteria gets inhibited.


Side effects of Sulfamethoxazole

There are few side effects of Sulfamethoxazole medications like nausea, vomiting, weakness, diarrhea, dizziness, skin allergies, rashes, redness, itching, swelling, lungs problem, difficulty in breathing, anemia, jaundice in newborns etc.


Precautions to be taken with Sulfamethoxazole

  • If you are planning to initiate medication with Sulfamethoxazole, be sure that you are not allergic to Active agent Sulfamethoxazole and any other inactive agents used in the finished formulation.
  • Avoid any Immunization or vaccination process during this medication.
  • Take an extra care during pregnancy and breast feeding conditions. Avoid this medicine during pregnancy condition, If necessary, consult to doctor first.
  • Also avoid this medicine during breast feeding as Sulfamethoxazole secreated in mother’s milk.


Sulfamethoxazole is mostly formulated in the form of tablets, syrups, capsules etc. Many pharmaceutical companies like Affy group is involved in the manufacturing of Sulfamethoxazole tablets in India for contract manufacturing, third party manufacturing, generic market as well as for exports.

Source: https://pharmacontractmanufacturing.wordpress.com/2019/02/13/what-is-role-of-sulfamethoxazole-tablets-and-their-side-effects/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What is Role of Sulfamethoxazole Tablets and Their Side Effects?

What are the Sizes of Hard Gelatin Capsules?

Posted by [email protected] on April 5, 2019 at 3:30 AM Comments comments (0)

Medicines are formulated in various dosage forms. One of them is capsules.




Capsules are of two types:

  • Soft Gelatin Capsules
  • Hard Gelatin Capsules


Here we will talk about hard gelatin capsules, basically they are made up of gelatin, now a days we can also get vegetarian capsules made up of hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose.


Hard gelatin capsules are cylindrical shape capsules divided into two parts: Body and cap. Body part is longer as compared to cap part. Medicaments like fine powder, granular powder, small pellets, small tablets etc can be filled in hard gelatin capsules through capsule filling machine. Locking of capsules are very important after filling process, it can be assured by checking locking length. Locking lengths are depends on size of capsules.




Sizes of Hard Gelatin Capsules

  • Size ‘’5’’- they are the smallest size of capsules, having average weight approx. 28 mg.
  • Size’’4’’- they are little bigger size as compared to size’’5’’ capsules, having average weight approx. 38 mg.
  • Size’’3’’- they are bigger than size’’4’’ capsules, having average weight approx. 48 mg.
  • Size ’’2’’- they are bigger than size ‘’3’’ capsules, having average weight approx. 61 mg.
  • Size ‘’1’’ – they are bigger than size ‘’2’’ capsules, having average weight approx. 76 mg.
  • Size ‘’0’’ – they are bigger than size ‘’1’’ capsules, having average weight approx. 99 mg.
  • Size ’’00’’ – they are bigger than size ‘’0’’ capsules, having average weight approx. 123 mg.
  • Size ‘’000’’ – they are the biggest size in all the capsules, having average weight approx. 158 mg.


Pharmaceutical manufacturers choose the size of capsules according to the label claim of the drug and fill weight of formulation. Companies like Affy group is a hard gelatin capsule manufacturer in India. They have their formulations in different sizes of capsules according to their fill weight.


Source: https://sites.google.com/view/what-is-hard-gelatin-capsules/home" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What is Hard Gelatin Capsules Made of and Their Sizes?

What are the Types of Painkiller Drugs with Examples?

Posted by [email protected] on March 25, 2019 at 8:35 AM Comments comments (0)

Pain killers are the important part of first aid kits in every house, work places, hospitals etc. Pain killers are generally used for treatment of any kind of pain either it is headache, joint pains, muscles pain, stomach aches, etc.




Pain killers are general medicines used by every common people as pain relievers.


Pain killers are divided into three major classes:

  1. Acetaminophen or Commonly known as Paracetamol
  2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  3. Opioids

  • Acetaminophen or paracetamol is the most common pain killer used by most of the population of India. Paracetamol are well capable in reducing the pain as well as in reducing the elevated body temperature.
  • Non- steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen are the most common NSAIDs used as pain killers. They are indicated as pain reliever like headache, joint pain, muscles pain, neck pain, stomach pain, as well as they are also capable in reducing elevated body temperature and reducing inflammation.
  • Opioids are used when Non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs are fails to relieve the pain, opioids are very strong pain relievers. Although they are well effective in pain treatment but it has more side effects as compare to other pain killers.


Some pain killers require prescription while some comes under Over the counter category means do not requires any kind of prescriptions from health professionals. There are many pharmaceutical companies like Affy group is involved in manufacturing of general tablets in India as well as capsules, syrups and injections including pain killers.

Source: What are Painkiller Drugs and Their Types?

What is the Classification of Antihistamine Medicines?

Posted by [email protected] on March 20, 2019 at 6:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Histamines are the substance releases by our body when our body get suffer from an allergic reaction. These histamines bind with several receptors present in our body and it results in allergic symptoms to our body. To treat this allergic condition caused by Histamines we use antihistaminic drugs.




These antihistaminic drugs are falls under OTC (Over the counter) medication and can easily available without any prescription.


It helps in treatment of following allergic symptoms:

  • Sneezing
  • Running nose
  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Congestion
  • Swelling in nasal ways
  • Watery eyes


Side effects of Antihistamines

Dizziness, Drowsiness, Nausea, vomiting, Dry mouth, confusion, blurring of vision, not being able to pee, restlessness.


Types of antihistaminic drugs


  • First generation antihistaminic drugs

First generation antihistamines are old H1-antihistamines. They have more side effects as compared to drugs belongs to other generations of antihistamines. Examples chloropyramine, Antazoline, Doxylamine etc.


  • Second generation antihistaminic drugs

Second generation antihistamines are new H1-antihistamines. Examples Cetirizine, Loratadine, Terfenadine, Quifenadine etc.


  • Third generation antihistaminic drugs

These are drugs belongs to newer H1-antihistamines with combination of both the properties of first generation and second generation antihistaminic drugs. They have less side effects as compare to second generation antihistaminic drugs.


  • Fourth generation antihistaminic drugs

They are the newer drugs of antihistaminic groups with very less side effects and more efficient as compare to other generations drugs like first generation, second generation and third generation antihistaminic drugs. Examples- Levocetirizine.


These antihistaminic drugs are easily available on pharmacies in India. As we have many manufacturers who involved in manufacturing of such types of general medicines. Like Affy group, they are the manufacturer of general tablets in India.


Source: https://pharmacontractmanufacturing.wordpress.com/2019/02/11/what-are-antihistamine-medicines-and-their-classification/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What are Antihistamine Medicines and Their Classification?

Different Types of Medicated Soaps and Their Uses

Posted by [email protected] on March 15, 2019 at 8:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Soap as we all know used for cleansing purpose. It is a common part of every house,

Medicated soap as the name describes it is a soap used for medication purpose.

Medicated soap is generally prescribed for different skin problems, caused by some bacteria’s or fungi.


Types of Medicated Soap

  • Anti fungal soap- This soap is used to treat fungal infections of skin as they have therapeutic efficacy to fight against fungal infections. Example - Ketoconazole soap.
  • Anti acne soap- This soap is used for the treatment of acne problem or pimples. They are well capable in removing the dead cells present on skin, responsible for cause of acne problem. Example – Neem soap.
  • Anti cellulite soap - This soap is used for removal of deposition of cellulite from the skins of thighs, hips, buttocks etc.
  • Anti aging soap- This is used for slow downing of aging and makes the skin healthier and younger.
  • Anti itching soap- This soap is used in the treatment of itching problem caused by various infections or allergies.
  • Anti scabies soap- This soap is used for the treatment of scabies problems. They are well capable in fight against scabies. Example - Permethrin soap.


There are many pharmaceutical companies who are dealing in manufacturing of medicated soap. Like Affy group is one of the medicated soap manufacturer in India. They are involved in manufacturing of medicated soaps like permethrin soap, ketoconazole soap, sulphur soap, Neem soap, Clotrimazole soap etc.

Uses of Doxycycline Injection, Side Effects and Precautions

Posted by [email protected] on February 28, 2019 at 7:25 AM Comments comments (0)

Doxycycline lyophilized injection is a drug belongs to the category of tetracycline antibiotic. This medication is indicated for the treatment of several infections caused by bacteria like infections of intestine, Urinary tract infection, acne and infections of respiratory system, infections of eyes, gum disease, gonorrhoea, syphilis and Chlamydia. Doxycycline is not useful for the treatment of infections caused by viruses.




Mechanism of action of Doxycycline Injection

Doxyxycline acts by interfaring the bacterial growth which is responsible for bacterial infections.


Side Effects of Doxycycline Injection

Like all medicines doxycycline have some side effects like:

Severe stomach ache, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, difficulty in urination, irritation in throat, swallowing problem, chest pain, abnormal heart beat, breathing problem, fever, body pain, dizziness, chills, weakness, bleeding, pale skin, yellowing of eyes, dark urine, blurring of vision etc.


Precautions to be taken with Doxycycline Injection

  • If you are going to start doxycycline medication make sure that you are not allergic to the active ingredient doxycycline and any other inactive ingredients used in the formulation.
  • Do not receive any kind of vaccination during this medication.
  • Take extra precaution in pregnancy and breast feeding condition, Avoid this medication during pregnancy conditions also do not take this medication while breast feeding conditions.


Doxycycline is formulated in the dosage form of injection. Number of pharmaceutical companies are in India who are dealing in the manufacturing of Doxycycline injections. Companies like Affy group is the manufacturer of doxycycline lyophilized injection in India for generic market, contract manufacturing, as well as for export manufacturing.


Source  What are Doxycycline Injection Uses and Side Effects

Cosmetic and Their Demands in Modern Era

Posted by [email protected] on February 15, 2019 at 7:05 AM Comments comments (0)

‘’Cosmetics’’ when we heard this word, our mind gets clicked with lots of products in it. Basically, cosmetics means any substance which is use for cleaning purpose of skin, teeth, hairs, nails etc. as well as for better complexation, and for better looks. They do not requireany prescription for their purchasing like medicated products.




Cosmetics generally divided into two parts:

  • Beauty preparation: These preparations are used to enhance the beauty like skin cream, perfumes, nail polish, lipsticks, etc.
  • Grooming aids: Like deodorant, soap, shampoo, hand sanitizers, shaving creams.

In modern era, the demand for cosmetics products are increasing day by day. Specially females are crazier for cosmetics products. As we know every one wants to look attractive and beautiful. Some of us are naturally beautiful and some people looks beautiful by applying cosmetics.

We all use cosmetics products in our day to day life, either you talked about soap, shampoo, sanitizers or you talked about cream, deodorant, talcum powders all of them are essential parts of our life.

Cosmetics products also helps in maintenance of hygiene of our body, for example- we use soap and shampoo for cleansing of our body and hairs, use deodorant to avoid bad odour of sweat, use shaving cream for shaving etc.

We can easily get these cosmetics products in our market, as there are numbers of cosmetic manufacturing companies are involved in manufacturing of these products and as I know Affy group is one of very famous company involved in manufacturing of soap, shampoo, cream, lotion, lip balm, sanitizers etc. in India, who provide us wide range of cosmetics products.

Source: https://sites.google.com/view/pharmablogs/home" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cosmetic and Their Demands in Modern Era

What is the Difference Between Syrup and Suspension?

Posted by [email protected] on February 12, 2019 at 6:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Liquid syrups are one of the dosage forms of medicines formulated in the form of liquid solutions; this liquid solution is viscous in nature due to sweeteners content. Some are less viscous and some are more viscous, viscosity of syrups is depending upon the concentration of sweeteners.




They are preferable for the patients who are suffering from swallowing disorder or having any type of difficulties while swallowing solid dosage forms like tablets and capsules.


Liquid dosage forms like syrups are finding more easily in administration as compared to other dosage forms, this is the reason why paediatric preparations are formulated in the form of liquid dosage forms like syrups or suspension.


Although syrup and suspension both are liquid dosage forms but they have several differences also like:

  • Syrups are considered as solution. Means all the particles are well dissolved in the solvent medium and equally distributed in each ml of syrups where as in suspension drug particles are settled down in the bottom of the bottle, it needs to be well shaken before administration for the equal distribution of drug particles.
  • Suspensions required special labelling ‘’ Shake well before use’’, whereas syrups do not require such types of labelling.


There are many pharmaceutical manufacturers who are manufacturing liquid dosage forms, one of them is Affy group, they are the liquid syrup manufacturer in India, along with liquid syrups they also manufacture syrup and suspensions, dry syrups and other solid dosage forms.


Source What are Liquid Syrups and What is the Difference Between Syrup and Suspension?

What are Precautions and Side Effects of Ceftriaxone Injection?

Posted by [email protected] on February 7, 2019 at 6:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Ceftriaxone injection is a drug belongs to cephalosporin antibiotics categories. This medication is indicated for the treatment of various types of infections caused by bacteria. Cephalosporin antibiotics are not efficient in the treatment of infections caused by viruses.




Mechanism of action of Ceftriaxone

Cephalosporin antibiotics act by blocking the synthesis of bacterial cell wall. Due to inhibition of cell wall synthesis, it results in either death of bacteria or blockage of further growth of bacteria.


Side effects of Ceftriaxone


There are some side effects of antibiotics like:

Tiredness, uneasiness, bleeding, nausea, vomiting, kidney problems, disease of gallbladder, stomach ache, abdominal pain, painful micturition, mood swings, confusion, diarrhea, seizures, blood in stool, discharge from vagina, difficulty in breathing, skin allergic reactions like rashes, redness, inflammation, itching etc.


Precautions with Ceftriaxone

  • If you are going to initiate antibiotic treatment then first of all make sure that your body is not having any kind of allergic reactions with ceftriaxone and other antibiotics, also with other inactive ingredients used in manufacturing of formulation.
  • Avoid taking any type of vaccination while having treatment with antibiotics.
  • Do not discontinue your antibiotic medication until and unless the prescribed dose is completed.
  • Take some more precautions in case of pregnancy and breast feeding conditions. Consult your doctor before initiating treatment with antibiotics in such conditions.


Ceftriaxone is mostly formulated in the form of intravenous injections. Ceftriaxone is directly administered in veins or administered in muscles by health professionals; your dose of medication is controlled by your doctor based on the severity of infection caused by bacteria.


You can easily get antibiotic medicines from your nearest medical store but you must require a prescription issued by a registered health professional. There are several pharmaceutical companies who are involved in the manufacturing of antibiotics medicines like Ceftriaxone injection.


Pharmaceutical Organization like Affy group having huge platform for manufacturing of antibiotic injections in India. Along with injections they are also involved in manufacturing of antibiotic tablet and antibiotic capsules, antibiotics dry syrups etc.


They engaged in contract manufacturing, third party manufacturing, generic drug manufacturing and export manufacturing from many past years.


Source https://pharma-blogs.blogspot.com/2019/01/what-is-role-of-ceftriaxone-injection.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What is the Role of Ceftriaxone injection?

What are Topical Formulation and Their Types?

Posted by [email protected] on February 4, 2019 at 6:30 AM Comments comments (0)

‘’Topical formulations’’ as name sounds are the formulations applied topically. Topical formulations can be available in both forms either medicated topical formulations or cosmetic topical formulations. But both the forms are administered through topical route.




All the topical formulations are applied over body surfaces or mucous membranes.

These topical formulations can be formulated in many types like creams, lotions, ointments, gels, foams, soap, shampoo, paste.

  • Cream

Creams are the emulsion of oil and water. It can be of two forms either oil in water emulsions or water in oil emulsions.

Examples of creams

  1. Fairness creams- These type of creams are used for cosmetic purpose to enhance the fairness of the skin tone.
  2. Cold creams- These type of creams are used emollient and greasy purpose.
  3. Vanishing creams- These type of creams are used for vanishing of skin they are easily spreadable over the skin and non sticky in nature.
  4. Night cream- These type of creams are also used for cosmetic purpose, used in night before going to bed.
  5. Massage cream- These type of creams are used for massage purpose.
  6. Medicated creams- These creams contains some active pharmaceutical ingredients used for medicated purpose when prescribed by health professionals.



  • Lotion
  1. Lotions are the oil in water emulsion. They have thinner consistency due to more water content as compare to cream. That is the reason lotions are loose flowing semi solid formulations.
  2. They can be easily spreadable over large areas of skin.
  3. It can be in both forms either in cosmetic lotion form or medicated lotion form.


  • Ointments

Ointments are sticky and greasy in nature, forms a protective layer or film over the area where it is applied. It does not contains water and preservatives. They are mostly available in medicated form.


  • Gel

Gels are most similar to ointments, they also forms a very thin layer of medication over the applied area. They can be available in both cosmetic and medicated forms.


  • Paste

Paste contains powder and ointments. Powder content in gel decides the porosity of paste.


  • Medicated Soap

Soaps are generally used for cleansing of body surfaces, they are also used for medicated purpose to treats problems like acne, scabies, allergies, fungal infections etc.


  • Medicated Shampoo

Shampoo is used for cleansing of hairs, as well as for medication purpose also like for treatment of dandruff problem and fungal infections of scalp.


These topical formulations are manufactured by many pharmaceutical and cosmetic manufacturer companies. Affy Group is a pharmaceutical and cosmetic manufacturer company involved in manufacturing of topical formulations like cream, gel, ointment, lotion, soap, shampoo etc.