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Cosmetic and Their Demands in Modern Era

Posted by [email protected] on February 15, 2019 at 7:05 AM Comments comments (0)

‘’Cosmetics’’ when we heard this word, our mind gets clicked with lots of products in it. Basically, cosmetics means any substance which is use for cleaning purpose of skin, teeth, hairs, nails etc. as well as for better complexation, and for better looks. They do not requireany prescription for their purchasing like medicated products.




Cosmetics generally divided into two parts:

  • Beauty preparation: These preparations are used to enhance the beauty like skin cream, perfumes, nail polish, lipsticks, etc.
  • Grooming aids: Like deodorant, soap, shampoo, hand sanitizers, shaving creams.

In modern era, the demand for cosmetics products are increasing day by day. Specially females are crazier for cosmetics products. As we know every one wants to look attractive and beautiful. Some of us are naturally beautiful and some people looks beautiful by applying cosmetics.

We all use cosmetics products in our day to day life, either you talked about soap, shampoo, sanitizers or you talked about cream, deodorant, talcum powders all of them are essential parts of our life.

Cosmetics products also helps in maintenance of hygiene of our body, for example- we use soap and shampoo for cleansing of our body and hairs, use deodorant to avoid bad odour of sweat, use shaving cream for shaving etc.

We can easily get these cosmetics products in our market, as there are numbers of cosmetic manufacturing companies are involved in manufacturing of these products and as I know Affy group is one of very famous company involved in manufacturing of soap, shampoo, cream, lotion, lip balm, sanitizers etc. in India, who provide us wide range of cosmetics products.

Source: https://sites.google.com/view/pharmablogs/home" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cosmetic and Their Demands in Modern Era

What is the Difference Between Syrup and Suspension?

Posted by [email protected] on February 12, 2019 at 6:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Liquid syrups are one of the dosage forms of medicines formulated in the form of liquid solutions; this liquid solution is viscous in nature due to sweeteners content. Some are less viscous and some are more viscous, viscosity of syrups is depending upon the concentration of sweeteners.




They are preferable for the patients who are suffering from swallowing disorder or having any type of difficulties while swallowing solid dosage forms like tablets and capsules.


Liquid dosage forms like syrups are finding more easily in administration as compared to other dosage forms, this is the reason why paediatric preparations are formulated in the form of liquid dosage forms like syrups or suspension.


Although syrup and suspension both are liquid dosage forms but they have several differences also like:

  • Syrups are considered as solution. Means all the particles are well dissolved in the solvent medium and equally distributed in each ml of syrups where as in suspension drug particles are settled down in the bottom of the bottle, it needs to be well shaken before administration for the equal distribution of drug particles.
  • Suspensions required special labelling ‘’ Shake well before use’’, whereas syrups do not require such types of labelling.


There are many pharmaceutical manufacturers who are manufacturing liquid dosage forms, one of them is Affy group, they are the liquid syrup manufacturer in India, along with liquid syrups they also manufacture syrup and suspensions, dry syrups and other solid dosage forms.


Source What are Liquid Syrups and What is the Difference Between Syrup and Suspension?

What are Precautions and Side Effects of Ceftriaxone Injection?

Posted by [email protected] on February 7, 2019 at 6:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Ceftriaxone injection is a drug belongs to cephalosporin antibiotics categories. This medication is indicated for the treatment of various types of infections caused by bacteria. Cephalosporin antibiotics are not efficient in the treatment of infections caused by viruses.




Mechanism of action of Ceftriaxone

Cephalosporin antibiotics act by blocking the synthesis of bacterial cell wall. Due to inhibition of cell wall synthesis, it results in either death of bacteria or blockage of further growth of bacteria.


Side effects of Ceftriaxone


There are some side effects of antibiotics like:

Tiredness, uneasiness, bleeding, nausea, vomiting, kidney problems, disease of gallbladder, stomach ache, abdominal pain, painful micturition, mood swings, confusion, diarrhea, seizures, blood in stool, discharge from vagina, difficulty in breathing, skin allergic reactions like rashes, redness, inflammation, itching etc.


Precautions with Ceftriaxone

  • If you are going to initiate antibiotic treatment then first of all make sure that your body is not having any kind of allergic reactions with ceftriaxone and other antibiotics, also with other inactive ingredients used in manufacturing of formulation.
  • Avoid taking any type of vaccination while having treatment with antibiotics.
  • Do not discontinue your antibiotic medication until and unless the prescribed dose is completed.
  • Take some more precautions in case of pregnancy and breast feeding conditions. Consult your doctor before initiating treatment with antibiotics in such conditions.


Ceftriaxone is mostly formulated in the form of intravenous injections. Ceftriaxone is directly administered in veins or administered in muscles by health professionals; your dose of medication is controlled by your doctor based on the severity of infection caused by bacteria.


You can easily get antibiotic medicines from your nearest medical store but you must require a prescription issued by a registered health professional. There are several pharmaceutical companies who are involved in the manufacturing of antibiotics medicines like Ceftriaxone injection.


Pharmaceutical Organization like Affy group having huge platform for manufacturing of antibiotic injections in India. Along with injections they are also involved in manufacturing of antibiotic tablet and antibiotic capsules, antibiotics dry syrups etc.


They engaged in contract manufacturing, third party manufacturing, generic drug manufacturing and export manufacturing from many past years.


Source https://pharma-blogs.blogspot.com/2019/01/what-is-role-of-ceftriaxone-injection.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What is the Role of Ceftriaxone injection?

What are Topical Formulation and Their Types?

Posted by [email protected] on February 4, 2019 at 6:30 AM Comments comments (0)

‘’Topical formulations’’ as name sounds are the formulations applied topically. Topical formulations can be available in both forms either medicated topical formulations or cosmetic topical formulations. But both the forms are administered through topical route.




All the topical formulations are applied over body surfaces or mucous membranes.

These topical formulations can be formulated in many types like creams, lotions, ointments, gels, foams, soap, shampoo, paste.

  • Cream

Creams are the emulsion of oil and water. It can be of two forms either oil in water emulsions or water in oil emulsions.

Examples of creams

  1. Fairness creams- These type of creams are used for cosmetic purpose to enhance the fairness of the skin tone.
  2. Cold creams- These type of creams are used emollient and greasy purpose.
  3. Vanishing creams- These type of creams are used for vanishing of skin they are easily spreadable over the skin and non sticky in nature.
  4. Night cream- These type of creams are also used for cosmetic purpose, used in night before going to bed.
  5. Massage cream- These type of creams are used for massage purpose.
  6. Medicated creams- These creams contains some active pharmaceutical ingredients used for medicated purpose when prescribed by health professionals.



  • Lotion
  1. Lotions are the oil in water emulsion. They have thinner consistency due to more water content as compare to cream. That is the reason lotions are loose flowing semi solid formulations.
  2. They can be easily spreadable over large areas of skin.
  3. It can be in both forms either in cosmetic lotion form or medicated lotion form.


  • Ointments

Ointments are sticky and greasy in nature, forms a protective layer or film over the area where it is applied. It does not contains water and preservatives. They are mostly available in medicated form.


  • Gel

Gels are most similar to ointments, they also forms a very thin layer of medication over the applied area. They can be available in both cosmetic and medicated forms.


  • Paste

Paste contains powder and ointments. Powder content in gel decides the porosity of paste.


  • Medicated Soap

Soaps are generally used for cleansing of body surfaces, they are also used for medicated purpose to treats problems like acne, scabies, allergies, fungal infections etc.


  • Medicated Shampoo

Shampoo is used for cleansing of hairs, as well as for medication purpose also like for treatment of dandruff problem and fungal infections of scalp.


These topical formulations are manufactured by many pharmaceutical and cosmetic manufacturer companies. Affy Group is a pharmaceutical and cosmetic manufacturer company involved in manufacturing of topical formulations like cream, gel, ointment, lotion, soap, shampoo etc.

What are the Type of Diabetes and Their Treatment?

Posted by [email protected] on February 1, 2019 at 6:45 AM Comments comments (0)

‘’Diabetes’’, we all are familiar with this word as it is very common in every third person of the country. Diabetes is a condition in which the level of blood glucose goes very high. This is caused due to insufficient amount of insulin present in our body.




We all know that we obtain glucose from the foods we consumed, and this glucose convert in the energy with the help of hormone named as insulin. These energies get further used by cells of body. But if there is no sufficient insulin available in our body the glucose which we get from our food will not convert into energy and remains in their actual forms which results in increased glucose level in our blood streams.


Basically, there are three types of diabetes exists:

  • Type 1 diabetes- In type 1 diabetes, our body are unable to produce insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes- This is a very common type of diabetes, in which our body may produce insulin but our cells are unable to respond them.


Gestational diabetes- This type of diabetes mostly occurs in women specially in pregnancy.

Causes of diabetes

  • Family history
  • Overweight
  • High cholesterol
  • Older age group
  • Poor health diet


Treatment of diabetes

Diabetes can be controlled by artificial insulin therapy in the form of injection or insulin pump or antidiabetic medications like:

  • Biguanides: Example metformin, phenformin, buformin etc.
  • Sulfonylureas: Example glimepiride, tobutamide, glipizide, giclazide etc.
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors - Examples acarbose, voglibose, migitol etc.
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase - 4 inhibitors- Example Sitagliptin, vidagliptin etc.
  • Glycosurics - Example dapagliflozin, canagliflozin etc.


These antidiabetic medicines falls under general medicines category, manufactures by many pharmaceutical companies like Affy group who are the manufacturers of general tablets in India, having wide range of antidiabetic medicines.

Source https://pharma-blogs.blogspot.com/2018/12/what-is-diabetes-and-their-causes-and.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What is Diabetes and their causes and treatment?

What are Multi Minerals and Their Types?

Posted by [email protected] on January 30, 2019 at 5:50 AM Comments comments (0)

Like Vitamins, Minerals are also a very important part of our daily basic need.


Types of mineral supplements

  • Macro minerals
  • Trace minerals

The need for macrominerals are more as compared to trace minerals. Macrominerals includes Sodium, Calcium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Chloride, Sulfur whereas trace minerals include manganese, iron, copper, zinc, iodine, cobalt, fluoride and selenium.

Roles of some important minerals in human body and their sources

  • Calcium: It helps in building of strong bones, it also helps in building health and strong teeth.
  • We can obtain calcium from dairy products like milk, yogurt, cheese, as well as from green leafy vegetables, orange juice, cereals.
  • Iron: It helps in transportation of oxygen from lungs to throughout our body. We can easily get iron from red meat, eggs, beans, dried fruits, leafy green vegetables, whole grains.
  • Potassium: It is very essential for muscles and working of nervous system. We can obtain potassium from banana, tomatoes, green vegetables, legumes, citrus fruits, potatoes and sweet potatoes
  • Zinc: It helps in enhancing the ability of an immune system. We can easily obtain zinc from beef, meat, nuts, like cashew, almonds, peanuts, legumes.

We can also fulfil our minerals need through Nutraceuticals capsules and tablets. There are number of organisation manufactures nutraceuticals products. One of my friendhas suggested the name of Affy group, who are the manufacturers of Nutraceutical tablets in India, as well as nutraceutical hard gel capsules and soft gel capsules.

Source: https://pharmacontractmanufacturing.wordpress.com/2018/11/26/what-are-multiminerals/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">What are multiminerals?

What are Hormones and their Role in Reproduction?

Posted by [email protected] on January 29, 2019 at 5:10 AM Comments comments (0)

We all are aware about the drastic increase in our world’s population day by day, so before planning for birth control, it is very important to know what are hormones and what are their role in population growth?


Hormones are the chemical secretion in our body, these chemical secretions are produced and secreted by the glandsof endocrine system present in our body. Some of the major glands are:

  • Parathyroid gland
  • Thyroid gland
  • Hypothalamus gland
  • Thymus gland
  • Pancreas gland
  • Pituitary gland
  • Adrenal gland
  • Pineal gland
  • Testes
  • Ovaries

These glands are responsible for secretion and managing of major hormones of our body.

Hormones are responsible for our mood swings, emotions, hunger, thirst, hormones likeestrogen, testosterone, progesterone have a very important role in reproduction process. They are responsible for puberty in male and females and prepare their body for reproduction process. Progesterone is also a sex hormone but it is not considered as main sex hormones, as it plays a role in menstrual cycle.

For controlling unwanted reproduction process, a hormonal preparation is introduced in our body in the either form of hormonal tablets, hormonal pills, hormonal capsules etc.

These hormonal preparations are manufactured by pharmaceutical companies like Affy group who is the manufacturer of hormonal tablets, soft gelatin capsules etc. in India. They have huge list of hormonal preparations like levonorgestrel, Ulipristal acetate, progesterone, estrogen, progestin, mifepristone, misoprostol.

They are also engaged in contract manufacturing, third party manufacturing, generic manufacturing as well as in export manufacturing.

Source What are Hormones and their Role in Reproduction?

What are different types of Cancer and what are different categories of anticancer drugs?

Posted by [email protected] on January 23, 2019 at 2:05 AM Comments comments (0)

Source https://pharma-blogs.blogspot.com/2018/12/what-are-different-types-of-cancer-and.html

We all are familiar with the word ‘’Cancer’’. In India, according to current data around 2.25 million people are suffering from cancer. The rate of cancer patients is increasing day by day. Cancer is divided into different categories according to their target area like:


Adenoid cystic carcinoma, adrenal gland tumour, anal cancer, appendix cancer, bile duct cancer, bladder cancer, blood cancer, bone cancer, brain cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, eye cancer, gallbladder cancer, head and neck cancer, kidney cancer, laryngeal cancer, kidney cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, peritoneal cancer, pancreatic cancer, parathyroid cancer, pituitary gland cancer, prostate cancer, salivary gland cancer, skin cancer, stomach cancer, testicular cancer, thyroid cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer etc.

These types of cancer are treated by chemotherapy, other therapies like hormone therapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy and different categories of anticancer medicines used for the treatment of different types of cancer like:

  • Polyfunctional alkylating drugs
  • Other alkylating agents
  • Pyrimidine antagonist drugs
  • Purine antagonist drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Antimetabolites
  • Plant alkaloids
  • Hormonal drugs
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Miscellaneous anticancer drugs

Examples of anticancer medicines:

Capecitabine, Imatinib mesylate, letrozole, bicalutamide, anastrozole, gefitinib, voriconazole, sitagliptin, repaglinide, carmustin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, imipenem, vancomycin, docetaxel, carboplatin, oxaliplatin, caspofungin acetate, thalidomide, temozolomide etc.

Above mention all the medicines are manufactured by Affy group as they are involved in the manufacturing of anticancer drug in India, in different dosage forms like tablet, capsules and injections.

 

What is the Use of Gefitinib Tablets?

Posted by [email protected] on January 19, 2019 at 5:55 AM Comments comments (0)

Gefitinib Tablet is a drug belongs to the category of anticancer drugs. This medication is specifically indicated to treat non small cell lung cancer, as well as some other cancers also.




Mechanism of action of Gefitinib

Gefitinib interfares with the growth of cancerous cells, it do not allow the cell to grow further and divide themselves.


Side effects of Gefitinib

There are some side effects of gefitinib like:

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, skin reaction like rash, acne, redness, inflammation, loss of appetite, infection in eyes, liver problem, loss of hairs, difficulty in swallowing, tiredness, dizziness, weakness, dehydration, difficulty in breathing , fever, cough etc.


Precautions with Gefitinib

While using gefitinib medication, be sure that you are not allergic to the active pharmaceutical ingredient – grfitinib and other active ingredients used in finished formulation.


Avoid any type of vaccination or immunization during use of this medication.


Special precautions to be taken in case of pregnancy and breast feeding conditions. Do not take this medication if you are pregnant, the drug having hazardous effects on fetus.


Also do not take this medication if you are on breast feeding. As Gefitinib secretes in human milk, it can cause harmful effects on child.


If you are already taking this medication, avoid conceiving baby during the medication phases.


Gefitinib is generally formulated in the form of oral dosage forms like tablet. There are many Oncology pharmaceutical organizations who deals with manufacturing of oncology medicines. Organizations like Affy group is involved in anticancer tablets manufacturing in India, like Gefitinib tablet.

Uses of Oxaliplatin - An Anticancer Drug

Posted by [email protected] on January 15, 2019 at 6:05 AM Comments comments (0)

Oxaliplatin belongs to category of an anticancer drugs. Oxaliplatin is indicated for the treatment of cancers like rectal cancer and colon cancer.


Mechanism of action of Oxaliplatin

As we know that cancerous cells rapidly grow and multiplying themselves. Oxaliplatin interfares with DNA synthesis in cancerous cells that is responsible for cytotoxicity. Due to interruption in DNA sysnthesis, cell will unable to grow and multiply themselves.

Side effects of Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin medication have some side effects also like:

Difficulty in breathing, swallowing problem, chest pain, sensation in tongue, jaw locking, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, soreness of mouth, peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, tiredness, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, low blood counts, constipation, headache, liver problems, cough, fever, skin allergies like rashes, redness, swelling of skin, swelling in tongue and lips, black stool, painful micturition etc .

Precautions with Oxaliplatin

While using oxaliplatin some special precautions should be taken to prevent any adverse effect.

If you are going to start oxaliplatin medication, make sure that you are not allergic to the active pharmaceutical ingredients.

If you are pregnant or you are on breast feeding then you have to take some extra precautions, kindly avoid this medication during pregnancy, as it may harm the developing baby. Also avoid the intake of this medication if you are on breast feeding, as oxalplatin get secreted in human milk.

Oxaliplatin generally formulated in the dosage form of powder for injection for intravenous administration. Many Oncololy medicine manufacturer are involved in manufacturing of such medicines, one of them is Affy group, who is the manufacturer of anticancer injections in India like oxaliplatin powder for injection in different strengths.


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